Whether you are buying or selling a home, it goes without saying that you want the best bang for your buck.
However, looking over a home, especially when it’s your own, can make estimating what it’s worth difficult.
In either side of the process, having a professional appraisal done can help you get the most for your home or for your money.
Therein comes a home appraisal.
A home appraisal is a professional opinion given by a professional appraiser that estimates the home’s value.
Appraisals are quite common in both purchasing and sales when it comes to real estate, and (usually) mandatory when it comes to financing — except in select loans.
Lenders especially rely on them, as appraisals help insure that homeowners are not borrowing more than they need for a property they want, which can lead to the borrower defaulting on their mortgage, and potentially going into foreclosure.
Understanding both their importance, and how they work, can help make the process that much easier for you.
Due to the risk factor at play for lenders, they will typically be the one to order the appraisal.
The Appraisal Institute, an association of professional real estate appraisers, state that a qualified appraiser must be licensed or certified; this is required in all 50 states.
They also require that the appraiser be familiar with the local area of the home or property that they will be appraising.
Federal regulations also require that the appraiser be impartial, and have no direct or indirect interest in the transaction.
Fannie Mae additionally requires appraisers to certify that they have experience appraising similar properties in the same geographic area.
Given how a property is appraised, all of these values are especially important and can help you feel confident in the qualified appraiser working to help you buy or sell a home.
How do they determine the value of the property?
The appraisal value tends to be heavily influenced both by recent sales of similar properties and properties within the same area, as well as by market trends.
(Keep in mind you can get signed up for my San Diego Market Reports which detail out active, pending, and sold properties within any area of San Diego you wish — completely free — by email…)
The appraiser takes the home’s amenities into account: square footage, number of bedrooms, bathrooms, the floor plan functionality, as well as other factors.
They will be performing a visual inspection of the entirety of the interior and exterior, so be aware of things that can bring the home’s value down, such as poor curb appeal, damage, or repairs needing to be done.
In most scenarios, appraisers will use Fannie Mae’s Uniform Residential Appraisal Report to record their findings of single-family homes.
A qualified appraiser will use this form to provide their analysis and conclusions on the property’s value.
These reports are required to have:
- A street map showing the property and comparable sales that were used in the appraiser’s analysis
- An exterior building sketch
- A detailed explanation on the calculation of square footage
- Photographs of the home’s front, back and street scene
- Front exterior photographs of each comparable property used
- And any other information that the appraiser used to come to their conclusion e.g. market sales data, public land or tax records.
With all of this information, the appraiser will determine the property’s fair market value.
It should be noted that an appraisal can cost several hundred dollars and, in most cases, the borrower will pay this fee.
(Expect to pay between $350 to $500 for one in San Diego on your home or condo. But, if you use my services I will gladly pay this for you…)
So, if you are buying a home, here is what you need to know: the appraisal will be one of the first steps in the closing process.
Typically, if the appraisal comes in at or above the contract price for the property, the transaction will proceed as planned.
If it comes in below the contract price, it can sometimes delay or derail the transaction entirely.
It is important to use the appraisal to your advantage as a buyer.
A low appraisal can make for an excellent bargaining point to convince the seller to lower the price to allow the transactions to move forward.
After all, neither party wants to be hung up on a delayed transaction.
If negotiation doesn’t work, you can always look into getting a second appraisal done.
If you are selling a home, then you might have gathered what a low appraisal might mean for you.
A low appraisal value can mean that you will have to lower the price of your home if you want to get it sold.
Lenders wont’ approve loans for more than what the fair market value of the home is, and buyers don’t want to overpay for a home either.
Unfortunately, factors like distressed sales in your nearby area can drag down your own property’s value.
However, you may be able to work with the appraiser by showing that your home is in better condition than surrounding areas.
These factors can make it tough to challenge an appraisal, but it pays to keep your home up to snuff and to keep educated on the factors involved.
A low appraisal can also, unfortunately, keep you from refinancing your home.
The San Diego FHA Streamline Refinance program is a fantastic tool for homeowners having trouble keeping their heads above water.
You know the factors, you know the requirements, and you now have a better understanding of what a home appraisal is, does, and is all about.
It might sound like a lot to take in, and a lot to worry about, but don’t stress too much.
The process of closing a loan can feel overwhelming, but a home appraisal is just another step to make things run more smoothly and to ensure that no party involved is getting ripped off.
The major thing to note is being aware of when a low appraisal report comes in, and the effects it can have on your process.
Remember that you have options to make even a low home appraisal work in your favor.
What do you think?
Do you think this information is useful when it comes to dealing with home appraisals?
Leave a comment below — or, call or text me at (760) 297–4539
Your Home Appraisal Insider,